American novelist, essayist, book editor, and college professor
Chloe Anthony Wofford Morrison (born Chloe Ardelia Wofford) known as Toni Morrison, was the first black female editor in fiction at Random House in New York City. In the 1970s and 1980s, she developed her own reputation as an author. Her first novel, The Bluest Eye, was published in 1970. The critically acclaimed Song of Solomon (1977) brought her national attention and won the National Book Critics Circle Award. In 1988, Morrison won the Pulitzer Prize for Beloved (1987); she gained worldwide recognition when she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1993.